Energy use and access is highly gendered. Women and girls are often primarily responsible for collecting fuel and water for their families, generally have lower access to finance and energy-related services (such as grid electricity) than men, experience greater health consequences associated with indoor pollution from the use of cooking stoves and are more likely to experience ‘‘time poverty’ as a result of spending inordinate amounts of time gathering biomass for basic energy needs, resulting in severe opportunity costs that prevent them from participating in education and other services.
Women may also be subject to Gender-based violence (GBV) associated with remote fuelwood collection and a lack of street lighting. This theme explores the impact of gender inequality in the use, planning, procurement and delivery of energy for displaced populations living in refugee camps and other contexts. The focus is on better understanding gender differences and gendered inequalities in energy needs, access, and aspirations. In what ways do gendered divisions of labour and power shape differential energy access, usage, and needs?
To what extent can sustainable energy services promote greater self-determination, equity and security for displaced women and girls? Most importantly, by reimagining energy as a gendered structure, is it possible to challenge, and ultimately transform, energy practices in displacement settings in ways that reduce, rather than increase, gendered inequalities for displaced populations (and more generally)?